Promoting Permanency for Teens: A 50 State Review of Law and Policy.
Johnson, Anna. Speiglman, Richard. Mauldon, Jane. Grimm, Bill. Perry, Miranda.
National Center for Youth Law.
2018
https://youthlaw.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/Promoting-Permanency-for-Teens.pdf

Promoting Permanency for Teens: A 50 State Review of Law and Policy explores the diversity of state policies and practices for teens in foster care in two potentially competing areas: teens’ need for a permanent connection to a family (either their birth family, or an adoptive or guardian family), and teens’ developmental and practical needs in transitioning to legal adulthood, independence, and self-sufficiency. In the context of these concurrent goals, policies, practices, and programs can serve as incentives or disincentives to pursuing permanency for teens.

The Needs of Foster Children and How to Satisfy Them: A Systematic Review of the Literature.
Steenbakkers, Anne. Van Der Steen, Steffie. Grietens, Hans.
Centre for Special Needs Education and Youth Care.
2018
Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
21(4)p. 1-12
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5797187/pdf/10567_2017_Article_246.pdf

Abstract:

Family foster care deeply influences the needs of children and how these are satisfied. To increase our knowledge of foster children’s needs and how these are conceptualized, this paper presents a systematic literature review. Sixty-four empirical articles from six databases were reviewed and categorized (inter-rater agreement K = .78) into four categories: medical, belongingness, psychological and self-actualization needs. The results give a complete overview of needs that are specific to foster children, and what can be implemented to satisfy these needs. This study shows psychological needs are studied more often compared to the other categories, which specially relates to much attention for mental health problems. Furthermore, most articles focus on how to satisfy the needs of foster children and provide no definition or concrete conceptualization of needs. Strikingly, many articles focus on children’s problems instead of their needs, and some even use these terms interchangeably. This review illustrates that future research should employ a proper conceptualization of needs, which could also initiate a shift in thinking about needs instead of problems.

Published in Children's Justice Act
NOV 14, 2017
AUTHORS: GARET FRYAR, ELIZABETH JORDAN, KERRY DEVOOGHT
 
The transition from adolescence to adulthood is a time full of excitement, growth, and change. Critical brain development occurs during adolescence and early adulthood, and can be supported by strong and stable connections with family, friends, and community. With these supportive connections, young people can grow into healthy adults. Youth and young adults with foster care experience often miss out on some of the key resources needed during this time, reducing their chances to locate safe and stable housing, find steady and meaningful employment, and build strong and positive relationships with members of their social networks. They are more likely to experience homelessness and involvement with the justice system and less likely to graduate from high school or college.

With support from the Better Housing Coalition and Children’s Home Society of Virginia, Child Trends conducted a national survey of state independent living coordinators (Survey on Services and Supports for Young People Transitioning from Foster Care). Survey findings, collected in 2016, are based on responses by Independent Living Coordinators from 47 of 52 states and territories contacted. They describe the array and availability of services and supports for youth and young adults who have experienced foster care, highlighting state trends and examples of innovation in six major service areas: 1) post-secondary education; 2) employment and career development; 3) financial capability; 4) safe, stable, and affordable housing; 5) health and mental health care; and 6) permanent relationships with supportive adults. Several key findings stand out as particularly critical:

READ THE FULL ARTICLE, CLICK HERE 

Published in Children's Justice Act

This paper reviews factors that impact the likelihood that a permanent placement will be attained for a child in care. It begins with a review of system-level factors that act as barriers to permanency, including problems in recruiting and retaining prospective foster and adoptive families, high caseloads and turnover among child welfare workers, inadequate resources to assist families, and an overcrowded court system. Case-level factors that may inhibit a child’s likelihood of obtaining a permanent home are then reviewed and include a prior removal history, placement stability, initial placement, and reason for removal. Finally, the paper reviews child and family level factors that impact permanency outcomes, including demographic characteristics (e.g., gender, age, race/ ethnicity), physical and mental disabilities, and parental substance use and mental health. Programs and initiatives that have been implemented to support positive permanency outcomes are then highlighted, as well as key federal legislation related to improving permanency outcomes. The need for increased research to identify successful strategies to recruit and retain foster and adoptive families is emphasized. 19 references. 

Link to Report

Title: Achieving Permanency for Children in Care: Barriers and Future Directions. 
Author(s): Madden, Elissa E.;Aguiniga, Donna M. 
Published: 2017 
Available from: Upbring (formerly Lutheran Social Services of the South) 
https://www.upbring.org/ 
8305 Cross Park Drive 
Austin, TX 78754 

This report presents the findings of a study that investigated transformational relationships between youth and social services workers. The research explored how transformational relationships work, the attributes of workers who are particularly good at creating transformational relationships, and the attributes of organizations that successfully promote transformational relationships. Data was collected through more than 80 interviews with youth, workers, and organization leaders in the United States and the United Kingdom. Following an introduction, the first section describes worker behaviors that helped to build transformational relationships, including listening, persistence over time, being “real”, challenging the youth, showing up in crises, and showing love. Challenges identified by youth that were helped through transformational relationships are then discussed and include: stress, the difficulty of experiencing and recognizing emotions, negative self-perception and shame, and powerlessness and lack of agency. Additional sections explain the transformational relationships helped youth see that they matter, imagine a different future, develop an emerging sense of power and agency, and develop a capacity to self-regulate. Key characteristics of effective workers who were able to develop transformational relationships with youth are described, including optimism and emotional maturity, and important similarities of organizations that excelled at creating a context in which transformational relationships flourish are discussed, including having relationships at the heart of practice, meeting critical needs, embedding relationships as one part of a broader practice model, hiring and supervising workers who have the capacity to excel at relating to youth, making substantial efforts to relate to workers in ways that model how they want workers to related to youth, and tracking the status of relationships. The report closes with recommendations to organizational and system leaders. 3 references. 

Published: 2017 
Available from: Center for the Study of Social Policy (CSSP) 
http://www.cssp.org/ 

1575 Eye Street N.W., Suite 500 
Washington, DC 20005 
Printable version (PDF): https://www.cssp.org/pages/body/Transformational-Relationships-for-Youth-Success-Report.pdf

Published in Children's Justice Act

This Adolescent Trauma and Substance Abuse (ATSA) online course was developed to provide training and materials for mental health clinicians, substance abuse treatment providers, parents, caregivers, and youth on the complex intersections between psychological trauma and co-occurring substance abuse and dependency. The course includes an interactive online module on “Understanding Traumatic Stress and Substance Abuse Among Adolescents,” a webinar and lecture presentation featuring expert faculty from the NCTSN, and a four-part Train-the-Trainer video series entitled “Trauma and Co-Occurring Disorders: Understanding and Working with Youth and Their Caregivers.”

You will need to go to the site first and register - then you can go to the course. Link to NCTSN: https://learn.nctsn.org/login/index.php 

2016 National Runaway Safeline Crisis Contacts Support.
National Clearinghouse on Families and Youth (NCFY). Runaway and Homeless Youth Program, Family and Youth Services Bureau. National Runaway Safeline (NRS).
2017
https://www.acf.hhs.gov/sites/default/files/fysb/nrs_crisis_contacts_report_1.pdf

Pathways to Tribal Title IV-E: Tribal Title IV-E Options.
Child Welfare Capacity Building Collaborative.
2017
https://tribalinformationexchange.org/files/products/Pathways_to_Tribal_IV-E.pdf

The Collaborative is a partnership among three centers — the Center for Tribes, Center for States, and Center for Courts. This new structure is designed to help child welfare agencies and courts in states, tribes, and territories to build capacity and improve practice. The Collaborative, consisting of three Centers, delivers services that are innovative, outcome -driven, and informed by the best available data and evidence.

The Children's Bureau provides matching funds to tribal organizations, states, and territories to help them operate every aspect of their child welfare systems — from the prevention of child abuse and neglect to the support of permanent placements through adoption and subsidized guardianship. Title IV-E of the Social Security Act provides funds for tribes and states to provide foster care, transitional independent living programs for children, guardianship assistance, and adoption assistance for children with special needs. Pathways to Tribal Title IV-E is provided for informational purposes and to assist tribes in determining if applying for direct Title IV-E funding or pursuing a Tribal -State Agreement might be an option for their tribe. Of course, all Tribal Nations are unique and possess their own customs, traditions and the way they work on a day-to-day basis. It is important for tribes to understand Title IV-E requirements when considering direct Title IV-E funding or a Tribal-State Agreement which are detailed in the federal Title IV-E statute, regulations and official Children’s Bureau policy.
 
In this document you will find the following information:
•Authority for Tribal/State Agreements and Direct Funding
•Direct Title IV-E Program
•Overview and Requirements for Accessing Title IV-E Funding
•Scope of the Title IV-E Program
•Resources to Assist Tribes
 
 
 
 

A new report completed by Child Trends, under contract to the Office of Planning, Research & Evaluation at the Administration for Children and Families, examines Healthy Marriage and Relationship Education (HMRE) programs. HMRE programs aim to help youth form healthy relationships and, eventually, healthy marriages (and avoid unhealthy ones) by improving their attitudes, knowledge, skills, and expectations around romantic relationships. This report builds on research that finds that young people's romantic relationships can influence their behaviors and experiences (both positive and negative) during adolescence and beyond.

The report finds that most HMRE programs target and reach diverse-and often disadvantaged-youth populations in a variety of settings. However, these reach more youth ages 14 to 17 than in the 18 to 24 age range, which leads the authors to recommend providing more programs targeted at older youth. Read more about the report's findings and recommendations at acf.hhs.gov.

 

The National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges recently passed resolutions and policy statements on how to improve the lives of youth and families involved with juvenile or family courts. The resolutions address the needs of homeless youth and families, support a developmental approach to juvenile probation, and recognize the need for independent oversight of youth confinement facilities. The Council also released two bench cards: one with guidance on working with youth regardless of sexual orientation, gender identity, or gender expression, and one on applying principles of adolescent development in delinquency proceedings. In addition, the Council released a guide of principles and practices addressing custody and visitation.

Published in Home Page
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