Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) Compliance - National Indian Child Welfare Association

The National Indian Child Welfare Association (NICWA) provides technical assistance and training to help child welfare agencies comply with the Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978 (ICWA). ICWA is a federal law that seeks to keep American Indian children with American Indian families. Congress passed ICWA in 1978 in response to the alarmingly high number of Indian children being removed from their homes by both public and private agencies. The intent of Congress under ICWA was to "protect the best interests of Indian children and to promote the stability and security of Indian tribes and families" (25 U.S.C. § 1902). ICWA sets federal requirements that apply to state child custody proceedings involving an Indian child who is a member of or eligible for membership in a federally recognized tribe.