Monday, 26 November 2018 11:10

Defining and Counting Youth Homelessness

Defining and Counting Youth Homelessness - Administration for Children and Families - November 20, 2018

Causes of running away and homelessness among young people are many and varied, as are potential consequences. Several factors make it difficult to determine the scope of the issue of youth homelessness, including the number of homeless youth and young adults in the United States. In addition to there being no consistent methodology for conducting a youth count and no consistent definition of homeless youth across federal agencies, homeless young people may not be connected to formal support services such as child welfare, juvenile justice, and mental health systems; the education system; or youth shelters and drop-in centers.

Click for the full report

Tuesday, 09 October 2018 10:31

Knowing the Signs of Youth Sex Trafficking

How You Can Help

Human trafficking is one of the greatest issues the world faces today, and cases today are typically based in historical trauma. Native communities know this especially to be true. It is no secret that ever since European settlers arrived and encroached upon Native lands, Native individuals have been trafficked. Today, many reservations attract outside visitors who would solicit trafficked victims, especially with the rise of casinos. It is ultimately up to the community to recognize the signs, and to take what steps they can to help remedy this dire issue. In this resource, you will learn some of the common signs of a trafficked victim and what you can do to help. There is also some information that can be used and shared to prevent becoming a victim in the first place. While it is the responsibility of law enforcement to apprehend those who perpetuate human trafficking activities, it is the moral responsibility of all people to report a situation if they feel like someone is being trafficked.




Mentoring for Youth with Backgrounds of Involvement in Commercial Sex Activity

National Mentoring Resource Center Population Review

Author: David L DuBois and Jennifer K. Felner

Published January 2016

Abstract   PDF 


Published in Children's Justice Act

Hanna Love, Jeanette Hussemann, Lilly Yu, Evelyn McCoy, and Colleen Owens

March 2018

Survivors of interpersonal violence face many challenges when interacting with the criminal justice system, including the fear of being disbelieved, concerns about safety and retaliation, and a distrust in the system’s ability to adequately respond to their cases. Although past studies have documented the challenges survivors of sexual and intimate partner violence face when interacting with the justice system, few have focused on survivors of human trafficking—a population that often experiences misconceptions regarding their victimization, stigma due to perceived involvement with illegal behavior, xenophobia, and criminalization. Without survivors’ perspectives, little is known about how criminal justice actors can address these challenges and improve their interactions with human trafficking survivors.

Domestic Child Sex Trafficking - Desk Reference Guide from the Capacity Building Center for Courts. 2018.

Bench Card for Judges and other legal professionals.

Please click the attachment to open this document. 


Dear Friends,

We are excited to announce that the National Human Trafficking Hotline has added 24/7 SMS texting and online chat services in both English and Spanish!

Previously, human trafficking survivors and people reporting tips could call, email, or use a webform to access the Hotline. Around-the-clock texting and chat capabilities provide additional discreet avenues for survivors to get connected to the National Hotline’s extensive network of support throughout the United States.

Modernizing the National Hotline by adding these services is a critical step because it allows survivors to reach out to us through the mode of communication they are most comfortable with. This is especially crucial for young people experiencing trafficking, who are often more accustomed to texting and chatting than speaking over the phone. These technologies also offer a safer way for victims and survivors to get connected with our trained Hotline Advocates, especially in situations when their traffickers are nearby.

The National Hotline is operated by Polaris and funded through a grant from the Office on Trafficking in Persons, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

As you may already be aware, Polaris launched an independent SMS service in March 2013 called the BeFree Textline (233733). This textline provided similar capabilities to the National Hotline, but was only available 8 hours a day based on available funding. The same BeFree SMS number (233733) will now be integrated into the National Hotline, 24 hours a day, seven days a week—and can now handle communication in Spanish. Online chatting, is a completely new service and will be accessible from

We’ve been testing these services over the last month, and they’re already available for people to use. As our trusted partners in the anti-human trafficking field, we wanted to let you know of this change. If you are creating any materials that advertise the National Hotline number, we encourage you to include information about the new texting and chat services. We are in the process of updating our materials available on the National Hotline’s website.

If you have any questions about these new services or materials you intend to produce, please respond to this email.

Thank you for your continued partnership and support,

Caroline Diemar
National Human Trafficking Hotline

Missing Children, State Care, and Child Sex Trafficking: Engaging the Judiciary in Building a Collaborative Response

This technical assistance brief is a publication of the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges and National Center for Missing & Exploited Children®. Special thanks to Melissa Snow, M.A., Child Sex Trafficking Program Specialist, National Center for Missing & Exploited Children, and Mimari Hall, M.A., for developing this technical assistance brief. Additional thanks to Maureen Sheeran, Chief Program Officer, and Sarah Smith, J.D., Senior Staff Attorney of the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges for their thorough review as well as Staca Shehan, Director, Case Analysis Division, and Yiota Souras, Senior Vice President, General Counsel, for the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children.

Reproduction of this publication for noncommercial education and information purposes is encouraged. Reproduction of any part of this publication must include the copyright notice and attribution:
Missing Children, State Care, and Child Sex Trafficking: Engaging the Judiciary in Building a Collaborative Response. Technical assistance brief. National Center for Missing & Exploited Children, Alexandria, Virginia, and National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges, Reno, Nevada, 2015. Copyright © 2015 National Center for Missing & Exploited Children and National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges. All rights reserved.

Published in Judges

Polaris released the 2016 data from the National Human Trafficking Hotline and Polaris's BeFree Textline. In 2016, 8,042 cases of human trafficking were reported to the National Hotline and Polaris. Since 2007, 33,680 trafficking cases have been reported through the National Hotline and Polaris's BeFree Textline, comprising the largest available dataset on human trafficking in the U.S.

Download a summary of the National Human Trafficking Hotline and BeFree statistics here.

Reports of human trafficking to the National Hotline and BeFree Textline jumped by 35% in the last year -- an increase that many of you likely felt as you found shelter, investigated cases, provided legal services, or gave local support to thousands of victims across the country. Polaris has been especially encouraged by the fact that more victims and survivors are reaching out directly to the hotlines than ever. In 2016, 24% more survivors contacted the National Human Trafficking Hotline and BeFree Textline for help than in 2015, meaning that more survivors know that we can effectively identify their needs and connect them to you to receive the support they need.

Poloaris is releasing more detailed data about victims than in years past, such as their race and ethnicity. The data also spotlight factors that may have placed these victims at risk, as well as the variety of tactics used to recruit and trap them in a trafficking situation. The 2016 data better illuminate how survivors were most often recruited for sex trafficking (through intimate partners, family members, and those posing as a benefactor) and labor trafficking (through fraudulent job offers and false promises). Additionally, Polaris has stated they are gaining a better understanding of the different ways that victims access the outside world, which helps pinpoint systems where victims could find the support they need to leave their traffickers.

Download the Summary Sheet here. Or check out the updated National Human Trafficking Hotline statistics online, including state-based information, at

Upcoming Events