The Annie E. Casey Foundation’s “Brain Frames” resources draw on adolescent brain research to guide child welfare practitioners who interact with youth in foster care. Below are some of the Brain Frames tips for the legal community to keep youth engaged in case planning and court hearings: Keeping the Family Conversation Alive “Being legally connected to a permanent family is central to a young person’s well-being and sense of belonging.” Attorneys should be mindful about goal changes that prematurely shut the door on permanence. When discussing permanency goals with clients, attorneys should anticipate that youth may change their minds. Attorneys should engage, prepare, and support older youth before, during and after meetings and hearings. Legal advocates should acknowledge and address youths’ perceptions and fears regarding court.